The Appellate Division, Second Department held that  Farmingdale State University’s decision to expel a student for plagiarism  was rational.  The nursing student reportedly handed in a paper which, according to the professor was similar to another student’s paper submitted the prior spring semester.  The Court held that "[A] result is shocking to one’s sense of fairness if the sanction imposed is so grave in its impact on the individual subjected to it that it is disproportionate to the misconduct, incompetence, failure or turpitude of the individual, or to the harm or risk of harm to the agency or institution, or to the public generally visited or threatened by the derelictions of the individuals" (Matter of Pell) 

Applying the Pell standard to the facts the Court ruled that the student continued to deny the plagiarism and provided and implausible explanation.  

Read about this Article 78 case.